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Movsisyan Anahit gradaran@childlib.am
15 years old, "Qantum" colledge,Yerevan, Armenia

Garni

One of the most important monuments of Hellenistic art
of Armenia is the fortress of Garni in the Abovian
district. According to the historian Movses of Khoren,
the fortress was the Arsharunid's royal
summer-residence (3-2 centuries B.C).One day I was
there with my family.
The fortress is situated on a wonderful site defended
by a deep gorges on both sides. The Northern part is
enciruled with a fortress wall made of huge basalt
blocks. Within the fortress, the ruins of pagan
temple, royal dwellings and the bath houses have
survived.
A greek inscription which can be seen on a stone
installed in the fortress wall indicades that the
monument was build by Trdat I, in 77 A.D. who was
famous for his building activities. The temple was
ruined in the 1679 during a terrible earthquake. The
ruins for the first time were cleaned up between
1909-11 by academician Marr . Father told that in
1930-s architect Buniatian made an attempt for its
resoration.
The bath-house of Garni is an example of the earliest
architecture which had consisted of 5 parts: an
entrance hall, dressing-room, two bathrooms and a
heating devision. It is particularly valuable due to
the mosaic pavement of the entrance-hall which depicts
Greek mythology. The mosaic bears a mysterius
inseription on it: " We worked earning nothing".
The composition of the templ of Garni is "Khosrov
Forest" which was exstaplished in 4th
century(1332-338) by king Khosrov Kotak as a place for
hunting a pastime and military manoeuvres. This
preserve has gained recognation due to it original
nature and its rare species of plants and animals.