Movsisyan Anahit |
15 years old, Yerevan, Armenia
Christianity became a state religion in Armenia as early as 301. This fact is considered a social, political event of considerable significance in the conformation of statehood and the development of economy and culture in the country.
This period is characterized by the struggle of Armenias against Persia, Busantine Empire and Arab Chalifhate for survival as well as efforts of preserve pure national spirit. Nothing could support ther Armenian nation in this hard struggle better than the invention of the Armenian Alphabet, which had a powerful umpact on all spheres of thinking and creative activity. Standing proof of this is the M.
Mashtoth's Matenadaran in Yerevan. Within the Matenadaran there are 140000 manuscripts, handwritten treasures, dating back to 5-18 centuries, which deal with history, philosophy, mathematics geography, medicine and other sciences.
These manuscripts have covered a long way of hardships, sharing the bitter fate of the Armenian people. Among these manuscripts can be found translations of Greek, Assyrian and Surian works, which have not survived and are known to the scientific world only through their Armenian versions.
The Matenadaran is not only a repository of old manuscripts, but also a scientific research institution living its own cultural life. In front of the building the monument of M. Mashtots stands with the Armenian "Erkatagir" letters, while in the background to the left we can read the 1st sentence ever written in Armenian "To know wisdom and advise, means to relies world of a genius" This year our class has been to Matenadaran. Matenadaran means library in ancient Armenian.
The biggest Armenian book is kept here, which weighs 34 kg and the smallest handwritten book weighs 12g.
Thousands of people visit Matenadaran. The premier minister of India Indira Gandhi, French writer Anri Barbyus, American painter Kent Rockwell, academic Tarleh and other outstanding people of science and art have been here.