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Teacher: Yegoyants Gayaneh
Christianity became a state religion in Armenia as
early as 301. This fact is considered a social,
political event of considerable significance in the
conformation of statehood and the development of
economy and culture in the country.
This period is characterized by the struggle of
Armenias against Persia, Busantine Empire and Arab
Chalifhate for survival as well as efforts of preserve
pure national spirit. Nothing could support ther
Armenian nation in this hard struggle better than the
invention of the Armenian Alphabet, which had a
powerful umpact on all spheres of thinking and
creative activity. Standing proof of this is the M.
Mashtoth's Matenadaran in Yerevan. Within the
Matenadaran there are 140000 manuscripts, handwritten
treasures, dating back to 5-18 centuries, which deal
with history, philosophy, mathematics geography,
medicine and other sciences.
These manuscripts have covered a long way of
hardships, sharing the bitter fate of the Armenian
people. Among these manuscripts can be found
translations of Greek, Assyrian and Surian works,
which have not survived and are known to the
scientific world only through their Armenian versions.
The Matenadaran is not only a repository of old
manuscripts, but also a scientific research
institution living its own cultural life. In front of
the building the monument of M. Mashtots stands with
the Armenian "Erkatagir" letters, while in the
background to the left we can read the 1st sentence
ever written in Armenian "To know wisdom and advise,
means to relies world of a genius" This year our class
has been to Matenadaran. Matenadaran means library in
The biggest Armenian book is kept here, which weighs
34 kg and the smallest handwritten book weighs 12g.
Thousands of people visit Matenadaran. The premier
minister of India Indira Gandhi, French writer Anri
Barbyus, American painter Kent Rockwell, academic
Tarleh and other outstanding people of science and art
have been here.