Project
Проект
Essays
Наши работы
Home
На главную

Alin Rada koptyug@sch130.nsc.ru
Romania

Simeon Barnutiu

Hello again,
We are a group of students from Romania; we study at "Alexandru Papiu
Ilarian" Highschool Dej, a small town in Transylvania, part of Romania. We
are going to write you about famous people and places in our country.

Simeon Barnutiu

Simeon Barnutiu lived between 1808-1864. He was a teacher and
political leader of the Romanians of Transylvania. He was the son of a
village school teacher, and studied teology between 1826 and 1829 at the
seminary in Blaj, the principal religious and cultural center of Romanian
Greek Catholics in Transylvania.
Choosing not to follow a career in the church, he remained at Blaj
as a teacher of philosophy until 1845. Then he studied the laws in Sibiu
until the spring of 1848, when his energies became absorbed in the
Romanian struggle for national rights.
By education and in spirit, Barnutiu was a typical representative
of the Romanian generation of 1848 in Transylvania. At the center of his
preoccupations was the emancipation of the Romanians subordination to the
ruling nations of Transylvania, notably the Magyars , whose aristocracy
had dominated political life in the pincipality for centuries.
He made a crucial distinction between two kinds of liberty. It
wasn't enough, he argued, to assure the freedom of individuals, as the
Magyar liberals proposed the nation, it also had to be guaranted its
freedom against attempts by the other nations assert their dominance.
During the next year Barnutiu engaged in intense political
activity. He was vice-president of the national comunity elected by the
congress at Blaj and entrusted with organizing the Romanian nation, and
then, in September, he presided over another national congress at Blaj,
which reaffirmed opposition to the union and undertook to form an
autonamouns civil administration for Romanian inhabited areas. He also
became president of a new national comitee which, in effect, assumed the
attributes of a provisional government.
Barnutiu spent the remainig years of his life outside
Transylvania. He studied law in Viena between 1850 and 1854 and
then travelled to Iasi, in Moldova, where, for the next decade, taught
philosophy and law at the Academy, the predecessor of the University of
Iasi. Here, too, his ideas on liberty and nation made a lasting impression
on colleagues and students.
Alin Rada
"Alexandru Papiu Ilarian" Highschool Dej, Romani