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Alin Rada koptyug@sch130.nsc.ru
Romania

Vasile Alecsandri

Vasile Alecsandri

Vasile Alecsandri was a great Romanian poet who lived
between the years 1821-1890. One of the leading Romanian
literary, political, and diplomatic figures of the 19th century,
Alecsandri was born in Moldova, in a boyar family with connections to the
court of Prince Mihail Sturdza. Educated privately, at home, he was sent
with several Moldovan young men, including Alexandru Ioan Cuza, to Paris
in 1834, where he studied medicine, law, literature, and enjoyed Parisian
social life.
He returned to Iasi in 1839, to work in the Treasury of Moldova,
and to write, publish and promote the idea of the union, together with
Kogalniceanu and others. He was an editor of the national journals
"Dacia Literara" (1840) and "Propasirea". Alecsandri was heavily involved
in the activities of the Moldovan 1848 revolutionaries. With pressure
building in and around Moldova in 1848, Prince Mihail Sturdza called a
meeting to allow some of the young idealists, including Alecsandri, to
present of their complains. In response, Alecsandri edited a petition -
proclamation for the reformer, revolutionaries promoting the ideas of
union and liberty.
In late 1849, the newly-installed liberal unionist, Prince Gregore
Ghica, brought him back home and made him state-archivist. He
was proeminent in nationalist and unionist activities. His journal,
"Romania Literara" (1855), played an important role in Romanian cultural
life. In 1856, his "Hora unirii" was published, and it became the hymn of
the unionist movement. After the double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza
(1859), Alecsandri became one of his key advisors, served as foreign
minister, and as Romania's ambassador to major capitals. After Cuza's
ouster, he was less active in politics, but did spend the last five
years of his life as Romanian ambassador in France (1885-1890).
Alecsandri was an inspirer, influence and leader of Romanian
literary endeavors until his death, as mentor of the "Junimea" movement
and doyen of Romanian writers and playwrights. His edited a collection of
folkloric popular poetry, and his poems inspired a generation of
poets, and his heroic, historical dramas were highly successful. His work
was known in France and Italy, winning a prize in 1878 for Romance
language poetry, at Montpellier. He was also a noted letter writer.

Alin Rada
"Alexandru Papiu Ilarian" Highschool Dej, Romania
Coordiantor teacher: Cornelia Platon