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Alin Rada koptyug@sch130.nsc.ru
Romania

Nicolae Balcescu

Nicolae Balcescu

Nicolae Balcescu (1819-1852), historian and revolutionary fighter,
was one of the 19th century Romania's most prominent personalities, born
in Bucharest in a family of noblemen. He studied at St. Sava College, the
most prestigious educational institution in the capital. Motivated by
patriotism and a desire to ease the burden of his widow mother, at seventeen,
Balcescu enrolled in the newly created national army.
In 1840, Balcescu was arrested for involvement in a political
conspiracy, aimed at accelerating the development and modernization of
Muntenia, as well as the creation of a unified Romanian state; his
three-year detention commuted in 1842. He became active in Fratia, another
secret revolutionary association which laid the foundation for the 1848
revolution in Muntenia. At the same time, he gained recognition as a
member of several literary societies and then as editor, along with the
Transylvanian scholar, August Treboniu Lauria, of the historical magazine
"Magazin istoric pentru Dacia", which began to appear in 1844. Balcescu
proved to be an inspired and inspiring historian, with an abiding interest
in the union of all Romanians, illustrating the unity of his people,
despite their separation by various borders. He spent his next two years
doing research in Vienna and Paris, unfortunately attracting tuberculosis,
a disease which later caused his death.
The February 1848 Revolution in France, found Balcescu on the
streets of Paris, not as a spectator, but as a direct participant. Thus
inspired, he returned to Muntenia. On his way, he had an important meeting
with Prince Adam Czartoryski. Balcescu became immersed in the activities
of the committee preparing for the outbreak of the Muntenian revolution,
which occurred in June. Balcescu became secretary of state, and a few days
later, when Prince Gheorghe Bibescu abdicated, he became one of
the secretaries of the new government. On September 1848, Balcescu was among
those arrested and exiled by the Ottoman army, which brought the Muntenian
revolution to an end. He managed to escape captivity, and spent some time
in Transylvania, until he was expelled by the Habsburg authorities.
In 1850, Balcescu published "La question Economiques des
Principantes Danubiennes", which focused on the thorny agrarian problem
and the entire process of reform and modernization, worked on a
monographic treatment of his hero Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul), who
had managed to unite, for a short time, the three Romanian lands at the
turn of the 16th century.
In May 1851, he returned to Paris, where he delivered a speech on "The
Transylvanian Romanian Movement of 1848", commemorating the Blaj National
Assembly of 1848, when "freedom and Romanian greatness saw the light of
the day".
In late 1852, Balcescu returned to Muntenia, but he was
immediately expelled. He spent his last days in Palermo, working on his
monumental study of Michael the Brave, passing away at the age of 33.

Alin Rada
"Alexandru Papiu Ilarian" Highschool Dej, Romania
Coordinator teacher: Cornelia Platon