Бондаренко Николай |
Коченевская средняя школы №1
I live in SiberiaI live in Siberia. I love my native land and that's why without any delays I've decided to write about it in my composition. There are a lot of wonderful things in Siberia. The beauty of Siberian nature or kindness of Siberian people impresses most of the people. But I think that the history Siberia is the most interesting subject to talk about. Specifically I want to write about the history of cultivation of Siberia by the people. Some people can't stop surprising at its cold and harsh climate but the main thing to be proud of for me is the history of Siberia and the most interesting topic to talk about. To my mind the people should pay special attention to the history of the cultivation of Siberia and I try to tell you about that in my composition.
I live about 60 kilometers to the west from Novosibirsk. Novosibirsk is a big city. It is the center of Siberia where you can find the central point of Russia there. It is a chapel that was built just in the city center to indicate the middle point of Russia.
The city is situated on the both banks of the Ob River now. Its population is more than one million and a half people and it's getting more and more every day passed.
Novosibirsk has a lot of spots of interest. There's the Opera House that is well-known not only in Siberia, the magnificent building of the Railway station, the youth's theatre called "The Globe", the drama theatre " The Red Torch" and one drama theatre more called "The Old House", the conservatory, a lot of institutes, universities and academes which are research and educational establishments. They are the Novosibirsk State University and a number of research institutes and laboratories in Akademgorodok. Akademgorodok is the centre of Siberian science. There is the Siberian Department of Science Academy there. You can get any profession at the university of Novosibirsk.
There are a lot of libraries in Novosibirsk. One of the most famous and biggest libraries in Siberia is the State Publish Scientific and Technical Library.
Novosibirsk is a cultural and commerical center of Siberia as well.
I live in a small town called Kochenyevo in Novosibirsk region. My native town is not very famous but there lived the hero of the World War II here. His name was Nickolay Phillippovich Argunov. He was born in 1919 and studied at the same school I study now. After leaving school Argunov entered the Chelyabinsk institute of pilots and in 1940 he got a diploma with the excellent marks only in it. In July of 1941 he went on the front of the war. He was an air navigator of flight squadron and got a reward. The splendid airman was killed on the 22 of October 1944 and was buried in the spot called Retavas in Lithuania.
The Rank of the Hero of the Soviet Union was given to him on the 23d of February 1945 posthumously. There is a street in Kochenyevo named after him and the school I study at is proud to be named after him as well.
My friend and classmate lives in the very house Argunov lived before and hitherto he finds the things belonged.
Do you know how this strange and enigmatic word "Siberia" appeared? Who gave such a name to thee lands and when? This subject is still being discussed.
One of the interpretations of the word "Siberia" is that Europe had heard it for the first time in the age of Mark a Polo, when it became famous from fascinating tales about distant countries of great khan. The word "Siberia" is supposed by some scientists to come from the mongolian word "shever" (shavar) - "marshes" and originally meant a forest and timber regions, where there was impossible to go for the Mongolian troops of Chingiskhan because of such resistless obstacles as steels of marsh and uncountable innumerous mosquitoes.
There's another hypothesis that the word appeared two thousand years ago, when the stream of "distant and mysterious" people from Asia went to the West. New barbarous Europe was bearing in shelters, blood and fires. The Huns were fighting with the protectors of Rome on the Katalaun field. And then a European ear heard this alien word, the word of the Asiatic people "savir" who were the relatives of the Huns.
Probably Siberia got its name after this tribe, striking devastated Europe by the rumor and tales about the land, at the end of the antique epoch and in the beginning of the feudal one. "Great Tatarya" - that was the name for the huge territory of Eurasian mainland that was given by the scientists of the beginning of XVIII centennials, contemporaries Peter I, when at the first time they, the Europeans, had really seen the mighty of the lands situated eastward the Ural mountains eastward.
When I was writing about all these things I wanted to show how interesting the history of Siberia was, how many beautiful and well-known spots were in its main city, Novosibirsk, and what uncommon people lived here. It seems to me that even if I didn't live here, anyway I'd admire the history of Siberia, which is full of a lot of riddles and fascinating facts. I couldn't but admire the treasure of Siberia nature and its main treasure - the people who are famous by their skilled hands and kind hearts. Of course each region can be proud of its history, its sights and the people. But I consider that if my native region isn't the best one then it's one of the best.