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My CitySCHOOL NUMBER 249 ABASOVA VEFA
Our country Azerbaijan is an old, rich and beautiful country .It
borders on TURKEY and IRAN in the South, GEORGIYA in
the WEST and ARMENIA in the NORTH- WEST. On the
EST AZERBAIJAN is bounded by the CASPIAN SEA. Our
country is large .About thirty million people live in Azerbaijan.
As a result of wars between RUSSIA and IRAN.
AZERBAIJAN was divided into two parts according to the
TURKMANCHAY TREATHY in 1828-SOUTH
AZERBAIJAN and NORTH AZERBAIJAN.
NORTH AZERBAIJAN, has become in independet country
now .It is now
Called the AZERBAIJAN RESPUBLIC .It has its own
tricolour flag and national emblem, state anthem, money and
army .The capital of the old, large and beautiful cities of the
The AZERBAIJAN RESPUBLIC is a multi-national state.
More than seven million people of different nationalities live in
the AZERBAIJAN republic. Most of them are the
AZERBAIJANI people. The RUSSIANS, JEWS,
LEZGHINS, KURDS, TALISH, TATARS and many other
nati ons live in the AZERBAIJAN RESPULIC, too. All of
them enjoy equal rights to develop their national language,
culture and traditions.
Our country has a lot of rivers. The longest of them is the river
KUR. It rises in TURKEY. And flows into CASPIAN SEA
There are thick and large forests in AZERBAIJAN where
different wild animals live: bears, wild boars, mountain goats,
leopards, wolves, foxs and other wild animals.
AZERBAIJAN is famous for its mineral springs.
Among them are ISTI-su(hot water), BADAMLI, SIRAB and
AZERBAIJAN has an ancient and rich culture. The
mausoleums, towers and palaces existing in different places in
AZERBAIJAN speak of its peoples rich ancient culture. The
famous GIS GALASI (the MAIDEN TOWER) in BAKU, the
NAKCHI VAN and GARABAGLAR mausoleums, the
SHIRVANSHAHLAR palace in BAKU, the
KHANSARAYI in SHAKI are all samples of the
AZERBAIJAN architects and builders.
At a distance of 60 kilometres from BAKU there is a
settlement called GOBUSTAN. Today it is known far and
wide in the world, for it was here that over two thousand
pictures relating to ancient life were found on the rocky
mountains. The oldest of them or ever four thousand years
ago. The pictures give rich material for study of the life,
customs and beliefs of the ancient people who wance lived
there, GOBUSTAN shows that AZERBAIJAN is one of old
countries of the world.
The art and literature of AZERBAIJAN have ancient
tradions.Begining with the 12th century AZERBAIJAN poets
have occupied a prominent place in world literature. The first
to be mentioned is great NIZAMI GANCAVI, the author of
KHAMSE composed of five romantic poems He was both a
great poet and a thinker of his time.
Another famous AZERBAIJANI POET AND THIRKER IS
MUHAMMED FUZULI. Many lyrical POEMS of his are
very popular to this day. The most popular of them is his
romantic epic "LEYLI and MAJNUN".
AZERBAIJAN folk music has traditions, too. The great
NIZAMI, who lived in the 12th century, mentioned about 30
national musical instruments in his poems.
AZERBAIJAN has rich contemporary music composed by
outstanding composers, such as the great UZEIR
HAJIBAYLI, GARA GARAYEV FIKRAT AMIROV and
We have a rich and beautiful county and are very proud of our